■ Describe how to recognize an emergency and size up the scene.
■ Explain how to activate and work with the emergency medical services (EMS) system.
■ Understand legal concepts as they apply to lay responders, including consent and the purpose of Good Samaritan laws.
■ Identify how to reduce the risk of disease transmission when giving care.
■ Demonstrate how to check a person who is responsive for life-threatening and non-life-threatening conditions.
■ Explain how to check an injured or ill person who appears to be unresponsive.
■ Recognize the signs and symptoms of a heart attack and describe appropriate first aid care for a person who is showing these signs and symptoms.
■ Describe the links in the Cardiac Chain of Survival.
■ Demonstrate CPR and use of an automated external defibrillator (AED) for a person who is in cardiac arrest.
■ Demonstrate first aid care for a person who is choking.